|Etymology/ Definition||पृथकत्वं तु इदं द्रव्यं पटलक्षणं, घटात् पृथग् इत्यादिका बुद्धिर्यतो भवति, तत् पृथकत्वं भवति । च. सू. २६/३३ चक्रपाणि|
|Literary Meaning||M / W – separately , singly|
|Implied Meaning||It is one of the Paraadi attributes|
|Elaboration||Prithakatva indicates difference. Gun`a, which enables us to differentiate one substance from another is called Prithakatva ( separation ).|
Separation helps one to establish the difference or distinctiveness among various substances. There are three causes, which make this Prithakatva ( separation ) evident.
1. ASanyoga ( non – union )- Eyes of a person can not unite with each other due to Prithakatva
2. Vailakshan`ya ( peculiarity )- Peculiarity of the substances belonging to different groups is also a type of Prithakatva. E. g. Leaves of Kaanchanaraa ( Bahunia veriagata ) and Karbudaara ( Bahunia perpurea ).
3. Anekataa ( multiplicity )- The difference or the distinctiveness between two individual grains or the difference between two particles of sand on the seashore is due to Prithakatva Gun`a.
All such causes that help in establishing the difference, dissimilarity and distinctiveness among comparable substances is Prithakatva
|Synonyms||Vish`esha, Vaishist`yam, Atulaarthataa,|
|Contemporary Colloquial||Discrimination, differentiation, separation|
Last updated on June 16th, 2021 at 07:13 am