|Etymology/ Definition||छलं नाम परिशठमर्थाभासमनर्थकं वाग्वस्तुमेव । च.वि.८/५६.|
|Literary Meaning||M / W – deceitful disputation|
|Implied Meaning||Chhala stands for confusion created by play of words not relevant to the question, nonsensical in nature and only apparently having some meanings.|
|Elaboration||This is of two types, which can be explained with relevant examples.|
1. Vaakyachhala ( Verbal casuistry )- If somebody says that a physician is “ Navatantra ” meaning thereby that he has learnt the science of medicine but too recently, the opponent replies, “ I am not Navatantra ( meaning thereby that he has not studied nine scripture ) but have studied only one scripture. Then again the questioner says, “ I was not talking about study of nine scriptures but I meant that your experience in the field of medicine is quite new ( Navaabhyasta ). Then again the opponent replies, “ I have not studied the scripture nine times ( Navaabhyasta ) but I have studied them several times ”. This illustrates verbal casuistry.
2. Saamaanyachhala ( casuistry in general ) – It is an internal shift from relevant meaning by of over – generalisation. E. g. Somebody makes a statement that the medicine is meant for alleviating a disease. Then the opponent says, “ Do you mean to say that something existent alleviates some other existing thing ? In that case as Kaasa and Kshaya both exist, should Kaasa ( cough ) alleviate Kshaya ?”.
Last updated on June 10th, 2021 at 11:24 am