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Kopana Dravya

KeywordKopana Dravya
Etymology/ Definitionयद् वातादीन् दोषान् रसादीन् धातून् मूत्रादीन् मलाश्चं कोपयति तत् कोपनम् ।
अ.हृ.सू. १।१६ अरुणदत्त
ReferenceA.H.Su.1/16 Arun`adatta
Literary MeaningM / W – Dravya causing irritation or disorder of the humour
Implied MeaningDravya that vitiate Dosha, Dhaatu and Mala, are in equilibrium are called Kopana Dravya . This definition should be viewed in context of health. E. g. Yava Maasha Matsya ( fish ).
ElaborationAll substances can be classified into three broad categories viz. S`hamana ( pacifying, palliating ), Kopana ( irritating, aggravating ), and Svasthavritti Hitam ( promotive and preventive, conducive to good health ). Theses substances have an ability to irritate Vaataadi Dosha with their opposite ( Vipareeta ) or similar properties ( Sama Vipareeta – Hemaadri ). E. g. Phaan`eeta ( the inspissated juice of the sugar cane, Molasses ). In spite of having attributes like heaviness, unctuousness and sweetness, they tend to irritate ( Kopana Vaata . On the other hand Maasha ( Phaseolous mungo, a kind of pulse with seeds marked with black and grey spots ), is heavy, unctuous, slimy and has hot attributes ( A. H. Su. 6 / 21 – 22 ), and this tends to irritate Pitta and Kapha. This is an unwanted ( Vipareeta ) effect due to the analogous attribute of Maasha to Kapha and Pitta.
AntonymS`hamana, Svasthavrittihita

Last updated on June 14th, 2021 at 10:45 am

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