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Etymology/ Definitionवीर्यं तु क्रियते येन या क्रिया। च.सू.२६/६५
Literary MeaningPotency, M / W – strength , power , energy
Implied MeaningEvery substance when administered on the body exhibits some action. This action is due to the attributes of the substance. It is the potential of that substance.
ElaborationThe action of the substances is decided by its potency, which starts its action right from the time of contact and it exhibits its effect till it stays in the internal environment and till its final elimination. This potency under normal circumstances supersedes all other attributes. Due to this capacity of exerting itself it is known as Veerya .
The action of any substance is done either by Rasa ( taste ), Vipaaka ( post digestive taste ) and their effect or Veerya ( potency ). When a substance has potential more powerful than the other two it suppresses the others and exhibits its action.
The potency is mainly of two types:
1. Ushn ` a Veerya ( hot potency )- Substances, which possess hot potency, produce giddiness, excessive thirst, exhaustion, perspiration, burning sensation, heightened digestive power or transformative property. E. g. Kat`uveeraa ( capsicum annum ), S`hringavera ( Zinziber officinale ), palliation of Vaata and Kapha activity.
2. S`heeta Veerya ( cold potency )- This refrigerant potency possesses attributes like pleasure, arrest of movements of body constituents, sustenance of life, palliation of Rakta and Pitta activity.
Sus`hruta describes 8 types of Veerya ( potency ), which can be accommodated in the 2 above – mentioned potencies.
Charaka believes that no action is possible without its potency hence he describes Veerya according to its action.
AntonymHeena Veerya, Nirveerya

Last updated on June 18th, 2021 at 10:20 am

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