|Etymology/ Definition||अपरा गर्भस्य नाभिनाडीप्रतिबध्दा ’अमरा’ इति लोके ख्याता । च.शा.६।२३ चक्रपाणि|
|Literary Meaning||Placenta with umbilical cord|
|Implied Meaning||It is a temporarily developed structure in the body during pregnancy to connect umbilical cord ( Garbhanaabhinaad`ee ) and uterus for the nourishment of the foetus.|
|Elaboration||The ovum after fertilization enters in the uterine cavity to embed itself in the endometrium ( Garbhas`hayyaa ). It derives its nourishment from the Rasa by osmosis ( Upasneha Nyaaya ) in the first trimester, as the placenta is not formed till then.|
At the beginning of second trimester the placenta is formed at the site of embedding. It becomes the lifeline for the foetus and it has nothing greater or better than it, hence the name Aparaa. It brings nourishment to the foetus and is in the form of a vessel. In certain situations, it can wind itself around the neck of the foetus and manifest as foetal distress and needs emergency surgical intervention.
The delivery is incomplete till the placenta is delivered and the umbilical cord is severed and the neonate cries.
|Synonyms||Jaraayu, Naabhinaad`ee, Amaraa|
Last updated on June 9th, 2021 at 11:01 am