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S`hiroroga Nidaana

S. Ni.13, S. U.25, M. Ni.60, A. H. U.23, C. Chi.26

The diseases occurring in the head and scalp are grouped under S`hiroroga.


According to Sus`hruta, there are 11 types of S`hiroroga.

  1. Vaataja
  2. Pittaja
  3. Kaphaja
  4. Saannipaataja
  5. Raktaja
  6. Kshayaja
  7. Krimija
  8. Sooryaavarta
  9. Anantavaata
  10. Ardhaavabhedaka
  11. S`hamkhaka

Vaataja S`hiroroga

There is headache without any proper reason.
It aggravates and turns to severe condition.
There is severe pain (ArtiS`hoola).
There is Sphuran`a due to Vaayu.
There is Bandha (tying like pain), Upataapa and S`hirobhitaapa.
According to Vaagbhat`a, there is sudden increase or decrease in the pain.
It gets pacified due to MardanaSnehanaSvedanaBandhana.
According to Maadhavanidaana, it pacifies with Bandhana and Upataapa i. e. Svedana.

Pittaja S`hiroroga

A person feels as if his body is burning by hot coals.
There is DaahaArti in Pittaja S`hiroroga.
There is Daaha and Dhoopana of S`hiraNetra and Naasaa.
It pacifies in the night.
This is Pittaja S`hiroroga.
According to Vaagbhat`a, it gets pacified by cold stuffs.

Kaphaja S`hiroroga

S`hira and Gala is coated by the Kapha.
There is heaviness in the head.
There is S`heetatva (cold).
There is S`hopha on VadanaNetra and Netra Koot`a.
This is Kaphaja S`hiroroga.
According to Vaagbhat`a, there is Aruchi.
Pain is more at night than day.
There is TandraaS`hoona Akshi Koot`atva and Karn`a Kan`d`oo.

Saannipaatika S`hiroroga
There is manifestation of all the symptoms due to each Dosha.

Raktaja S`hiroroga
It manifests with the symptoms of Pitta. There is no tolerance to touch (Spars`haasahatva) at the head region.

Kshayaja S`hiroroga
Due to depletion of VasaaBalaasa (Kapha) at the head region, there is S`hirobhitaapa. It is Kasht`asaadhya.
It aggravates due to SvedanaChhardanaDhoomaNasyaRaktamokshan`a.

Krimija S`hiroroga

There is Toda and Antahsphut`ana. There are bloody secretions from the nose. There is eating of head region due to Krimi. This is Krimija S`hiroroga.
According to Vaagbhat`a, the Krimi on the head consumes Rakta causing severe pain.
There is Chitta Vibhrams`haJvaraKaasaBalakshayaRaukshya (Dryness), S`hopha.
There is pain like VyadhanaChhedanaDaaha.
There is Sphuran`a. There is Kan`d`oo at KapaalaTaalu and S`hiras.
There are copper colored and clean nasal secretions.
There is Kan`d`ooDaurgandhyaTodaArti in the Krimija S`hiroroga.

At the time of sunrise, there is manifestation of mild pain (Manda Ruk) at the NetraBhroo. When the sun goes up the pain goes on increasing; and as it comes down to sunset, the pain gets pacified. It gets pacified either by cold or hot drugs. It is Tridoshaja and is Kasht`asaadhya.
According to Vaagbhat`aVaayu associated with Pitta cause pain in the S`hamkhaAkshiBhrooLalaat`a. There is Spandana. The pain aggravates in relation with the sunrise.

Vitiated all the three Dosha, cause severe pain in the Ghaat`aa and Manyaa. There is pain also in NetraBhrooS`hamkha. There is Kampa at the lateral side of the Gan`d`a. There is Hanugraha and other eye related diseases.
It is caused due to Tridosha.

Half of the head region is suffered from Bheda, Toda, BhramaS`hoola. It gets manifested suddenly or by 15 or 10 days. It is also Tridoshaja.
According to Vaagbhat`a, if it gets aggravated, it causes damage to Netra and Karn`a. it may get aggravated in 15 days; and it may get pacified within 30 days.
According to Maadhavanidaa,a there is pain like S`hastra Aran`i.

Vaayu harbouredat the S`hamkha region gets associated with KaphaPittaRakta. There is severe pain at the Moordhaa. It is Kasht`asaadhya. It is said that this disease is the sign of death. It is not curable by thousands of the Vaidya.
It kills the patient within three days. After passing of the three days, it can be cured.
According to Vaagbhat`a, Pitta dominant Dosha cause S`hopha (edema) at the S`hamkha region. There is severe DaahaRujaaRaagaPralaapaJvaraTrid`, Bhrama. There is bitterness to the mouth. The face turns to yellow color. It is Aas`hukaaree. It may be cured if treated immediately or it may kill a patient within 3 days.

Vaata dominant Dosha cause S`hirahkampa.

S`hirah Kapaalagata Roga
There are total 9 diseases which manifest at the S`hirah Kapaala (flat bone of the head).

  1. Upas`heershaka
  2. Pit`ikaa
  3. Arbuda
  4. Vidradhi
  5. Arumshikaa
  6. Daarun`aka
  7. Indralupta / Chaachaa
  8. S`haatana (Kes`ha)
  9. Palita

This is a S`hopha due to vitiated Vaayu in the Garbha (Foetus). There is no pain. This is Upas`heershaka.

Pit`ikaa, Arbuda, Vidradhi
As per the Dosha, these three diseases get manifested on the S`hirah Kapaala.

Due to vitiation of PittaRakta, and Kapha and Krimi (Jantu); there is formation of mustard sized Pit`ikaa on the Kapaala. They are called as Arumshikaa.

It is caused due to vitiation of Kapha and Vaata. There is falling of hairs. Kan`d`oo (itching). There is Svaapa (numbness), Raukshya (dryness). There is Tvak Sphut`ana (splitting up of skin).

Indralupta / Chaachaa
Pitta along with Vaayu at the hair follicles on the Kapaala, cause falling of the hairs. Kapha along with the Rakta causes obstruction in to the Romakoopa. Therefore, other new hairs can not grow up. There fore, on the S`Hirah Kapaala there is absence of hairs. It is also called as Rujyaa or Chaachaa.

This is gradual falling of hairs. It is not sudden fall of the hairs. It is called as Khaalitya.
Khaalitya due to Vaata dominance, it looks like fire burn.
Due to Pitta, there is Svinna Siraavritatva.
Due to Kapha there is thickening of the skin.
Khaalitya due to all the Dosha, manifests with all the symptoms. It is Asaadhya.

Due to S`hokaS`hrama and Krodha, heat at the head region causes maturity of the hairs; which is called as Palita.
Due to Vaayu, hairs turn to S`hyaava Varn`a. they become dry, Khara.
Due to Pitta, there is Daaha and color changes to Peeta (yellowish)
Due to Kapha, hairs become Snigdha, white.
Due to Saannipaata, mixed symptoms get manifested.

S`hirorujodbhava Paalitya
A person can not tolerate touch.

Khaalitya and Paalitya is Asaadhya if it is caused due to Saannipaata.
Khaalitya which is like AgnidagdhaNirloma and with Daaha is Asaadhya.

Last updated on March 3rd, 2021 at 10:56 am

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