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कर्ण रोग

C.Chi.26, S.Chi.15, U.20, A.H.U.14, 17, M.Ni.57

Karn`Roga are the diseases related to the Karn`Srotas or the Karn`a S`hashkulee.


  • Vaataja
  • Pittaja
  • Kaphaja
  • Saannipaataja

There are 28 types of Karn`Roga in S`haalaakya Tantra. According to Chakrapaan`i, all the types explained in the S`haalaakya Tantra are ultimately fall under above said 4 types; therefore Charaka has mentioned only 4 types of Karn`Roga.

Comparative study of कर्ण रोग types:

No.Charaka Samhitaa (4)Sus`hruta Samhitaa (28)/ Maadhava NidaanaAsht`aangahridaya(25)
1VaatajaKarn`a S`hoolaKarn`a S`hoola -5
2PittajaKarn`a Pran`aadaKarn`a N`aada
3KaphajaKarn`a BaadhiryaKarn`a Baadhirya
4SaannipaatikaKarn`a Kshved`aKuchikarn`aka
5 Karn`a SraavaKarn`a Pippalee
6 Karn`a Kan`d`ooKarn`a Kan`d`oo
7 Karn`a VarchasKarn`a Vidaarikaa
8 Krimi Karn`aKrimi Karn`a
9 Karn`a PratinaahaKarn`a Pratinaaha
10 Karn`a Vidradhi –21. Dosha Vidradhi2. Kshata VidradhiKarn`a विद्रधिPaalees`hosha
11 Karn`a PaakaKarn`a Tantrikaa
12 Pooti Karn`aPooti Karn`a
13 Karn`a Ars`ha- 41. Vaataja2. Pittaja3. Kaphaja4. SaannipaatikaKarn`a अर्श
14 Karn`a Arbuda- 71. Vaataja2. Pittaja3. Kaphaja4. Raktaja5. Maamsaja6. Medoja7. Saannipaatika(S`haalaakya Tantra)Karn`a अर्बुद
15 Karn`a S`hopha- 41. Vaataja2. Pittaja3. Kaphaja4. SaannipaatikaKarn`a S`hopha

Karn`a S`hoola:
Vaayu which is Vimaargaga (Anyathaa Chara), causes S`hoola (pain) around ear.
This pain can be caused bythe Aavrita Vaayu by other Dosha like Kaphaavrita VaayuPittaavrita Vaayu and Raktaavrita Vaayu. This is difficult to treat. It is Krichchhrasaadhya.

Karn`Naada Pran`aada:
Vimaargaga Vaayu (Vaayu traversing through the channels other than its normal way), when harboursin the S`habdavaahee Naad`ee, it causes different types of sounds, which is called as Karn`Pran`aada.

When a condition where Vimaargaga Vaayu, harbourin to the S`habdavaha Siraa which is associated with Kapha; remains untreated then this manifests with the disease called as Baadhirya. This manifests with the Uchchhaih S`hruti (persons hear large sound).

Karn`a Kshved`a:
In a person to whom S`hodhana Nasya is given and who is consuming cold stuffs; due to physical strain, depletion of Dhaatu (Kshaya), consumption of Rooksha and Kashaaya (dry and astringent) diet, Vaayu resides in the S`habdavaha Srotas causing Karn`Kshved`a. As per Maadhava NidaanaVaayu associated with Pitta etc. causes sound like Ven`Ghosha, which is Karn`a Kshved`a.

Karn`Sraava (Samsraava):
Due to trauma on the head, sinking in to the water, suppuration of विद्रधि, there is secretion of Pooya which is called as Karn`a Samsraava.

In Karn`a Srotas, due to accumulation of Kapha (Kapha Prachita), there is manifestation of Kan`d`ooVaayu with Kapha is responsible for Karn`a Kan`d`oo according to Maadhava Nidaana.

Pitta and Teja dry out the Kapha in the Karn`a Srotas causing Karn`a Goothaka.

When Wax in the ear (Karn`a Mala), liquefies and traverse to the Ghraan`a Mukha then it manifests with Karn`a Pratinaaha and S`hirobhitaapa. There is Vaatas`hoshita S`hleshmaa, in the pathogenesis of Karn`a Pratinaaha.

Krimi Karn`aka:
There is formation of कृमि. This is Krimi Karn`aka. There is Rakta and Maamasa Dusht`i. This may be vitiated by VaataPitta or Kapha.

Karn`a विद्रधिIt is of two types

  • KshatajaIt is caused due to trauma on the ear.
  • DoshajaDue to Dosha Vriddhi.


Karn`a Paaka:
There is suppuration of Karn`a due to Pitta Prakopa. There is VikothaVikleda of ear.

Pooti Karn`a:
Kapha in the Karn`a Srotas which is liquefied due to Pitta causespain or it may be painless, there is solid suppurated secretion, called as Pooti Karn`aka. As per Vaagbhat`a, due to Vidaghda Kapha caused by Pitta causes GhanaPooti and Kleda Sraava; which may be with or without pain; is called as Pootikarn`a.

Karn`a Ars`ha / S`hopha / Arbuda:
Ars`ha / S`hopha अर्बुद; all these diseases when manifest on the ear then they are labelled after the name of the organ as Karn`a अर्श etc.
As per Vaagbhat`a, there is RujaaPootikarn`atva and Badhiratva.

Karn`a S`hoola:

  1. Vaataja Karn`a Roga (Karn`a S`hoola)
    Due to factors like Pratis`hyaayaJala Kreed`aa (sinking in the water), Karn`a Kan`d`ooyana (itching in the ear), Mithyaayoga of S`habdaVaayu gets aggravated. It harboursin to the Shabda Vahee Siraa causing pain (S`hoola). There may be ArdhaavabhedakaStambha, intolerance to S`his`hiraabhinandanam (cold), Chiraat Paakam (later suppuration), Laseekaa Sraava, S`hrotra S`hoonyatvaAkasmaat Sanchaara Vichaara (Sthagitatva Asthagitatva).
  2. Pittaja Karn`a Roga (Karn`a S`hoola)
    There is typical Paittika S`hoola like दाहOsha, S`heetechchha (demand for cold stuffs), शोथज्वरAas`hupaaka (quick suppuration), then Peeta Laseekaa Sraava (yellow colouredsecretions). Where ever this Laseekaa gets touched, there occurs the suppuration.
  3. Kaphaja Karn`a Roga (Karn`a S`hoola)
    There is S`hirograhaGreevaa GauravaMandataaRujaa (pain). There is Kan`d`oo, S`hvayathuOoshn`echchhaa (demand for hot stuffs). There are solid thick secretions.
  4. Raktaja Karn`a Roga (Karn`a S`hoola)
    There is pain in the ear. It may be vitiated due to trauma etc. It manifests with the symptoms same as Pittaja Karn`a Roga. Or there may be some more symptoms.
  5. Sannipaatika Karn`a Roga (Karn`a S`hoola)
    This is caused due to all the three Dosha. This is Sannipaatika Karn`Roga. It manifests with शोथज्वरTeevra Rujaa (severe pain). A person demands for cold or hot stuffs. There is S`hruti Jaad`ya. There is secretion of SitaAsita Rakta. This is solid and flowing secretions.

In the foetallife itself, there is constriction of Karn`a S`hashkuli due to Vaata Prakopa.

Karn`a Pippalee:
There is muscular growth on the ear, Pinna, in the foetallife which is called as Karn`a Pippalee.

Karn`a Vidaarikaa:
Due to Saannipaata, there is painful Oedema, which is stable. If it is not treated properly, then it secretes like Kat`Taila. It heals very slowly. After healing it constricts the ear pinnacausing Karn`Vidaarikaa.

Vaayu residing in the Siraa causes Paalee S`hosha.

Karn`a Tantrikaa:
Due to Vaata vitiation, the S`hashkuli becomes Kris`haDrid`ha, and like Tantree called as Tantrikaa.

Due to vitiated Vaayu, on the smooth Karn`a S`hashkulee, there is manifestation of S`hopha suddenly. There is pain. It becomes Arun`a in colour. This is called as Paripot`a as there is manifestation of Paripot`a.

This is called due to vitiated Pitta and S`hon`ita. Due to heavy ear ornaments, there is pain and दाह and Paaka. It manifests with शोथPit`ikaaRaagaUshaa and Kleda. This is called as Utpaata.

Gallira Unmantha:
Due to vitiation of Vaata and Kapha, there is manifestation of painless S`hopha. S`hopha is stable, and with itching (Kan`d`Oo). It is called as Unmantha or Gallira.

Duhkhavardhana :
If ear is not properly perforated, then there is Kan`d`oo, दाहPaakaRuk. This is called as Duhkhavardhana.

Lehya / Parilehi:
There is formation of Pit`ikaa due to vitiated Kapha and Rakta. It happens also due to कृमि. There is Kan`d`oo, Kleda and Vedanaa.

While describing चिकित्साSus`hruta in Chikitsaasthaana, has mentioned following Vyaadhi.

  1. Utput`aka
  2. S`hyaava
  3. Kan`d`ooyuta
  4. Avamantha
  5. Sakan`d`ooka
  6. Granthika
  7. Jambula

Last updated on March 2nd, 2021 at 11:15 am

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