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चिकित्सा प्रकार: विरेचन

Prakaara Paribhaashaa:

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  • The process of expulsion of precipitated and vitiated Dosha through the lower parts of the body (G.I. tract {Anus}) by induction of Virechaneeya drug is called Virechana .
  • Depending upon the Dosha combination,different types of Virechana are used to eradicate the disorders and to establish equilibrium.e.g. Sramsana (Mridu Virechana) with Aaragvadha(Cassia fistula)is the lineof management in Vaata Dosha  situated in Pitta Sthaana .
  • Bhedana / Rechana: Teekshn`a Virechana with Snuk Paya( latex of Euphorbia nerifolia) is useful in Kapha Dosha situated in Pitta Sthaana.

Sub Type As per Efficacy/Material Used:

  • Mridu Virechana: –  It is a type of purgation in which the stools / excreta  is expelled in small quantity without damaging Pureeshadharaa Kalaa e.g. Aaragvadha
  • Sukha Virechana: –  It is a type of purgation in which after improving agni function stools / excreta  is expelled without any straining eg. Trivrita
  • Teekshn`a Virechana : It is a type of purgation in which the stools / excreta  is expelled with drastic impulse eg. Danti , Snuk Paya  Ref. C. Su. 25/40 .
  • Snigdha Virechana: – ( unctuous) purgation eg.Eran`d`a  Sneha ( castor oil / Ricinus communis )
  • Rooksha Virechana: – ( dry ) purgation  eg. Hareetakee (Terminalia chebula ) C. Chi. 6/9, S. Chi. 33/41.                                           

Description: Kaala/Vaya/Ahoraatra/ Ritu/Bhukta:

  • This procedure is the first choice for management of Pitta prominent disorders and a seasonal regime in S`harada Ritu when there is natural tendency of aggravation and vitiation of Pitta.                                                             C. Su. 6/44, C.Su. 26/40
  • Virechana  is induced just  after the end of Kapha Kaala .               A H. Su.18/33
  • In condition of depleted (Alpa) Kapha Dosha status, Virechana  is induced properly.
  • In case of aggravated condition of Kapha if Virechana  is induced it can cause emesis; therefore the purgation is given to the patient in fasting condition.
  • Virechana should be induced on the 15th day after वमन.
                                                                                              C. Su.15/16 ( Chakrapaan`ee)

Poorvakarma :

  1. If Virechana  is to  be induced , the patient should undergo oleation as per indication/ diseaseinternal as well as external Snehana for 7 days in gradually increasing dose.
  2. Svedana: Sudation as per indication/disease. Saarvadehika Svedana is advised for 7 days so that the Dosha get liquified and enter Kosht`ha.  
  3. Prior to Virechana if the patient has undergone emesis thenthere should be gap of 2 days after संसर्जन क्रम  is completed. when patient starts having normal diet, he should be given Snehana (external and internal) again for next 4 days. Then external oleation (अभ्यंग ) and appropriate Svedana for rest 3 days.
  4. 3 days rest period is indicated prior to Virechana .During these days the patient should be given a diet which is adjuvant to purgation which is having following qualities. Unctuous, liquid, lukewarm, like sour fruit juiceor meat soup. The diet should be such that it does not increase Kapha Dosha.                            C. Su.15/13
  5. If Svedana is contraindicated in any condition of the patient then after Snehana the above mentioned food regime is advised for rest period of 3 days.
  6. Selection of appropriate and suitable time for purgation.

Instrument checklist:
Purgative Drugs, Bed , Bedpans (Pratigraha) , Macintosh , Measuring  instruments,  Lab for checking stool, Fragrant  scents ( natural) , Containers for medicines,  Emergency medication  for management of Atiyoga and Vyaapad, Cloths for patients and Apron and mask for Vaidya. In a case of Ayoga Basti yantra and वमन (emetics) medicines.

Patient preparation:  

  • Pre procedural counselling shoud be done to maintain good psychological status.
  • Examination of patient for Arhataa / digestion status of prior day  and Das`havidha Parikshaa
  • Examining the Dosha for signs of Utklesha and their entry in the Kosht`ha.
  • Examination for signs of adequate Snehana and Svedana.
  • Prior to Virechana  the patient should be asked to drink lukewarm water and juice of Beejapoora (Citrus medica)                                                            S. Chi. 33/20


  • The suitable Virechana medicine should be administered in the morning three hours after sunrise.
    ö乨ÉEúÉ™äü MÉiÉä YÉÉi´ÉÉ EúÉä¢Æ ºÉ¨ªÉÎM´É®äSɪÉäiÉÂ**               A. H. Su. 18/33
  • After induction the purgative drug, due to intolerable smell and taste, there may be an evidence of vomiting. So to avoid this, after the administration of the drug cold water should be sprinkled over patient’s face and the patient should be advised gargles with lukewarm water.
  • Also fresh and sour fruits like Jambeera (Citrus medica) should be smelled and the patient should rest for a while.
  • For continuous purgation lukewarm water should be given continuously.
  • Due to this Vaataanulomana occurs and the patient can pass the stool in lying position without straining.  
  • If drugs like Jayapaala yoga are to be used then cold water should be administered after that for continuous purgation. (Due to lukewarm water the oil contents in those medicines will get washed off and proper effect won’t be achieved.)
  • In adequate Virechana first the stools à Pitta à Kaphaà Vaata are chronologically expelled.
  • To maintain continuous purgative effect lukewarm water or cold water should be administered continuously and Svedana should be appliedover abdomen (Kosht`ha)by warming hands of Vaidya / Parichaaraka                                     A. S. Su. 27/31
  • The bouts containing stools should be ignored and only bouts containing Dosha counted.
  • The S`huddhi type should be decided considering the Vegiki, Antiki, Maaniki and Laingiki Parikshaa.
NoVegaVishayaPravara S`huddhiMadhya S`huddhiJaghanya S`huddhi
1Vegiki 30 Vega20 Vega10 Vega
2Maaniki4 Prastha3 Prastha  2 Prastha  
3AntikiKaphaanta VeerekaKaphaanta VeerekaKaphaanta Veereka
  • Laingiki : Expulsion of urine à stoolsà Pitta à medicine à Kapha in sequential order .

For each VegaUtsarjita Mala should be collected in separate pan and examined for Maatraa, Varn`a and Gandha.                                      C. Si. 1/16, S. Chi. 33/23-24

  • Contact of cold water should be avoided (externally and internally) during the procedure.

Paschaatkarma : 

  • When the Virechana Vega stop and the desired results of Samyak Yoga are obtained the patient should rest for a while.
  • The patient should avoid following things immediately after purgation 
  • Speaking loudly.
  • Excessive intake of food.
  • Sitting for a long time.
  • Excessive walking.
  • Expressing grief or anger
  • Exposure to cold air.
  • Excessive travelling on fast moving vehicle.
  • Sexual Intercourse
  • Keeping awake late night.
  • Sleeping at day time
  • Viruddha Bhojana
  • Withholding natural urges .                                      H.S. kasture  pp 346
  • संसर्जन क्रम – Diet administration should be according to the Samsarjana Krama. During सौषधं lot of fluid is lost leading to diminished function of Agni. This has to be gradually replenished, the sequence is known as Samsarjana Krama.
  • S`hamana Aushadha and Tarpan`a should be administered in patients in whom Alpa S`hodhana is acquired. Same should be administered in patients with Kapha Pitta Praadhaanya and in alcoholic patients.
  • If Nirooha Basti is to be planned it is to be administered on the 9th day or 7th day.

Samyak Yoga:

  • Sroto S`huddhi (Clears Srotas{channels of the body })
  • Kukshi S`huddhi( Cleansing of Kosht`ha(G.I. tract ) )
  • Hrid-S`huddhi
  • Indriya Parsaadana (Improvement in the functioning of sensory and motor organs )
  • Indriya Urjaa Praapti ( Imparts  energy to sensory and motor organs) 
  • S`hareera & Naabhee  Laghutaa ( Sensation of lightness in body and umbilical region  )
  • Agni Deepti ( Increases the Agni function  )
  • Vatanulomana ( Ensures proper movement of Vaata in its normal course and direction)
  • Anaammayatva ( Prevents occurrence of diseases i.e. imparts healthy status )


  • Kapha Parakopa
  • Pitta Prakopa
  • Vaata Prakopa (Vitiation of three Dosha )
  • अग्निमांद्य  (Decreased intensity of Agni.)
  • Gaurava  (Sensation of heaviness ) 
  • Partis`hyaaya  ( Coryza with thick mucus secretion)
  • Tandraa ( Sleepiness )
  • छर्दि (Vomiting ) 
  • Pid`ik`aa ( Boils )
  • Aruchi (Decreased perception of taste )
  • Vaata Partilomataa(Reversal of Vaata due to obstruction of its normal movement  )
  • दाह (Burning sensation )
  • Hrit  Kukshi As`huddhi (Filthy sensation in  of Kosht`ha and heart ) 
  • Kan`d`oo (Pruritus)
  • Vit`sanga (Constipation)
  • Mootra sanga (Retention and decreased output of  urine )


  • Aadhmaana ( Flatulence )
  • Parikarta ( Cutting sensation in anal region )
  • Parisraava ( Oozing of the excreta )
  • Hridgraha ( Tightness sensation in cardiac region  )
  • Gaatra Graha ( Stiffness in gatra { organs } )
  • Anga Graha ( Stiffness  sensation of body )
  • Jeevaadana ( Per rectal bleeding- frank blood with or without stools )
  • Vibrams`ha ( Rectal Prolapse )
  • Stambha (Stiffness )
  • Upadrava ( Complications )
  • Klama ( Exhaustion/fatigue  )
  • वमन (Emesis of purgative drug due to its intensity it causes  upward movement of g.i.tract causing emesis )
  • Saavas`heshaushadhatva ( Complications due to residual drug effect )
  • Jeern`aaushadhatva ( Complications due to digested  drug effect )
  • HeenaDoshaaparhitatva ( Incomplete expulsion  of  Dosha )
  • Vaata S`hoola
  • Hridyaopsaaran`a ( Effect of drug inferring cardiac function.)
  • Vibandha (Constipation )


  • Vaata kshaya
  • Pitta Kshaya
  • Kapha Kshaya( Deterioration in the function of Tridosha )
  • Klama ( Exhaustion / fatigue )
  • Kampa ( Tremors )
  • Nidraa ( Sleep)
  • Daurbalya ( Debility )
  • Tama Praves`ha ( Syncope )
  • उन्माद ( Insanity )
  • हिक्का ( Hiccough )
  • Moorchchhaa  (Fainting  )
  • Guda Brams`ha  ( Prolapse of the rectum )
  • S`hoola ( Pain )
  • Nis`hleshma Pittam Udakam  S`hvetam Krishn`am Salohitam Atinissaran`am
  • Excessive expulsion of Udaka ( Water not containing S`hleshma and Pitta and which is white, black or blood red in colour.)
  • Maamsa Dhaavana Tulya Nissaran`a ( Expulsion of Udaka which resembles to water in which meat is washed.)
  • Meda Khan`d`aabha Nissaran`a ( Expulsion of Udaka which resembles Meda Dhaatu which is fragmented. Watery stool may contain pieces of fat or fat globules.)

Other Description:

  • Virechana therapy is indicated for Pittasthaanaashrita Vyaadhi.
  • In Kaashyapa Siddhi Sthaana it is mentioned that Virechana enhances the activity of  S`hukra Dhaatvagni.
  • Sneha Virechana should be administered in Vaataja Abhishyanda and Adhimantha Netra Roga.
  • After S`hastrakarma or Agni and क्षारकर्म over Vartmaars`ha, S`hushkaars`ha (Netra Roga) and Arbuda Netra Roga Virechana should be induced to eliminate the S`hesha Dosha.
  • Snigdha Virechana is indicated in क्लैब्य and Dhvajabhangaja Klaibya.

Dose decision should be made as per the indication:

Vaata DoshaTrivrit ( Operculina turpethum ) , Saindhava ( rock salt S`hunt`hi ( Ziniziber officinale), Kanji (Rice gruel )  and Maamsa Rasa (Meat soup)
Pitta DoshaTrivrit and Drakshaa (Vitis vinifera )  decoction
Kapha DoshaTriphalaa ( decoction ), Gomootra ( cows urine ) , Trikat`u

The age limit of the dosage is from the 20 to 50 years

Kvaatha(decoction)2 Pala8 Tolaa )1 Pala( 4 Tola)½ Pala ( 2 Tola)
Choorn`a  (powder)4 Tolaa2 Tolaa1 Tolaa

tolaa = 10 grams;  1 ratti = 125 mg                 (S.G. Uttara Khanda  4/18, 19)

Last updated on April 28th, 2021 at 10:48 am

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