|Etymology/ Definition||पायना त्रिविधा क्षारोदकतैलेषु । सु. सू. ८/१२|
|Literary Meaning||M / W – moistening|
|Implied Meaning||Working on a sharp instrument for further use.|
|Elaboration||The procedure of dipping a sharp instrument in Jala ( water ), Tail ( oil ), after heating is called Paayanaa . It increases hardness of the sharp instruments.|
Sus`hruta describes 3 types of Paayana:
Kshaarapaayitam – Maximum hardness to a sharp instrument is achieved by using Kshaara ( caustic alkalies ). Such instruments are used for incision over hard body structures like bones.
Udakapaayitam – Medium hardness to a sharp instrument is achieved by using water. Such instruments are used for incision over structures like muscles.
Tailapaayitam – Low level of sharpness is achieved by using oil. Such instruments are used to puncture tendons and vessels.
|Contemporary Colloquial||Honing the sharp instrument|
Last updated on June 16th, 2021 at 04:55 am